The new answer to this old question is the Canis Major dwarf galaxy. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. Read on to discover some fascinating facts about these celestial wonders. The type of galaxy is irregular. The Right Ascension is the angular distance of an object along the celestial equator from the March Equinox. It is the nearest galaxy to our own The Milky Way Galaxy. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. Martin et al. 2. It is approximately 25,000 light years distant from Earth and 42,000 light years away from the Galactic Centre. (The disputed Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, discovered in 2003, might be the actual nearest neighbor.) A small, irregular galaxy with a mass of about a billion solar masses, the Canis Major dwarf galaxy is one of our closest neighbours, lying approximately 25,000 light years from the Sun and 42,000 light years from the centre of the Milky Way.Until recently, however, this dwarf galaxy lay unobserved behind the dust and gas in the disk of the Milky Way. Known as UGC 4459, this dwarf galaxy is located about 11 million light-years away in the constellation of Ursa Major. Messier 41 (M41, NGC 2287): this open cluster is estimated to be between 190 and 240 million years old. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. U.G. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (CMa Dwarf) is an irregular galaxy, roughly elliptical in shape, that is believed to be the nearest neighbouring galaxy to the solar system. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. It is not located in the Solar System. The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy's location is 07h 12m 35.0 (R.A.) and -27d 40' 0 (Dec.). 3.) Explanation: What is the closest galaxy to the Milky Way? The Canis Majoris Dwarf Galaxy is about 42,000 light-years from the Milky Way’s Galactic Core. The Canis Majoris Dwarf Galaxy is the closest galaxy to our location in the Milky Way. Canis Major has five deep sky objects. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy. If the number is negative, it is "west" of the March Equinox. There are no meteor showers associated with the Canis Major constellation. [6], http://nedwww.ipac.caltech.edu/cgi-bin/nph-objsearch?objname=Canis+Major+Dwarf#ObjNo1, "Astronomers find nearest galaxy to the Milky Way", http://web.archive.org/web/20080527020725/http://astro.u-strasbg.fr/images_ri/canm-e.html, "A dwarf galaxy remnant in Canis Major: the fossil of an in-plane accretion onto the Milky Way", "Probing the Canis Major stellar over-density as due to the Galactic warp", http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004A%26A...421L..29M, "No excess of RR Lyrae stars in the Canis Major Overdensity", http://iopscience.iop.org/1538-3881/137/5/4412/article, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Canis_Major_dwarf&oldid=4834329. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). For many years astronomers thought the Large Magellan Cloud (LMC) was closest, but its title was supplanted in 1994 by the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy. References: Nicolas F. Martin, Rodrigo A. Ibata, Michele Bellazzini, Michael J. Irwin, Geraint F. Lewis and Walter Dehnen, 2003. Aludra, Eta Canis Majoris (η CMa) is a blue supergiant located in the constellation Canis Major.It marks the Greater Dog’s tail. Canis Major is a constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere.In the second century, it was included in Ptolemy's 48 constellations, and is counted among the 88 modern constellations.Its name is Latin for "greater dog" in contrast to Canis Minor, the "lesser dog"; both figures are commonly represented as following the constellation of Orion the hunter through the sky. It is already thought that the collision has begun as several globular clusters are believed to have come from the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is a galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. Elliptical Galaxy- A galaxy that has an ellipsodal shape and A smooth nearly featureless profile. You can decline to give a name which if that is the case, the comment will be attributed to a random star. The brightest star in this cluster is a K3-type giant, while the rest are mostly red giants. With a magnitude of 14.7, the dwarf galaxy is only visible in large telescopes. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is a dwarf galaxy deep space object. Up until 2003, it was thought to be the closest galaxy to the Milky Way, although this spot has recently been taken by the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, which is … Whilst there might seem to be more interest in the collision merger with the Andromeda Galaxy, the Canis Major galaxy will collide with the Milky Way first in the space of about a billion years. Key Facts & Summary. The galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all.. The Canis Major dwarf galaxy (CMa dwarf) or Canis Major overdensity (CMa overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group. The Canis Major dwarf is classified as an irregular galaxy. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy Facts. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giants and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. Martin et al. It should not be confused with the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, a controversial name given to an dense collection of stars hidden behind dust clouds deep inside the Milky Way. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A dwarf galaxy remnant in Canis Major: the … The Andromeda Galaxy is not the closest galaxy to ours, and in fact there is one 100 times closer called Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy that is 42,000 light years far from the galactic center and it is a satellite dwarf of the Milky Way. Canis Major Dwarf: A New Closest Galaxy. The Canis Major Dwarf galaxy is so called because its small. [4][5] Investigation of the area in 2009 showed only ten RR Lyrae variable stars. This is consistent with the Milky Way's halo and thick disk populations, rather than a separate dwarf spheroidal galaxy. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Comments may be merged or altered slightly such as if an email address is given in the main body of the comment. This dwarf satellite galaxy is found to lie just below the Galactic plane and appears to be on an equatorial orbit. The Canis Major dwarf galaxy (CMa dwarf) or Canis Major overdensity (CMa overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group.It is in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. – Source. Canis Major is home to Sirius, the brightest star in the sky, as well as to several notable deep sky objects: the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, the open cluster Messier 41, the emission nebula NGC 2359 (also known as Thor’s Helmet), and the colliding spiral galaxies NGC 2207 and IC 2163. FACTS, LOCATION & MAP Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy: first discovered in 2003, this irregular galaxy contains around a billion stars with a huge number of red giants… Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is a dwarf galaxy deep space object. Cookies / About Us / Contact Us / Twitter / Facebook, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canis_Major_Overdensity. The Milky Way Galaxy is estimated to be about 10,000 times more massive than the Sagittarius Galaxy. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy Dwarf Galaxy is believed to contain one billion stars in all, a relatively high-percentage of which are in the Red Giant Branch phase of their lifetimes. The galaxy is over 190 million years old. discovered an overdensity of M-giant stars using 2MASS colors. They only managed to reach the galaxy with the use of experimental wormhole drives which allow fleets of ships to move from the Milky Way to the Canis Major galaxy. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (CMa Dwarf) or Canis Major Overdensity (CMa Overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. Recent observational evidence suggests that the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy represents the only major ongoing accretion event in the Galactic halo, accounting for the majority of stellar debris identified there. With an apparent magnitude of 2.451, it is the fifth brightest star in the constellation, after Sirius, Adhara, Wezen, and Mirzam.Aludra lies at an approximate distance of 2,000 light years from Earth. The Large and Small Magellanic clouds were thought to be the closest galaxies to ours, until 1994, when the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (SagDEG) was discovered. The Declination is the angle of the object from the celestial equator. There are 1 billion stars in the canis galaxy. It has a roughly elliptical shape and is thought to contain as many stars as the Sagittarius dwarf elliptical galaxy, the previous contender for closest galaxy to us. It is in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major. Spiral Galaxy- The stars and Gas clouds are concentrated mainly in one or The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (CMa Dwarf) is an irregular galaxy that is approximately elliptical in shape, and has the distinction of being the galaxy that is closest to our solar system, being only about 25 000 light years away. The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Several studies cast doubts on the true nature of this overdensity. The distance to the centre is over 25,000 Lieutenant Yrs whereas Canis Major is 25,000 Lieutenant Yrs. Galaxy- A huge collection of stars gas and dust . It is about 25,000 light-years away from the Solar System,[2] and 52,000 light-years from the Galactic centre. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy Vocabulary Terms- 1.) 1. The distance to the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is shorter than the distance to Sagittarius A*, the centre of the Milky Way. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy Location. You can see it in the night sky. The Canis Major Dwarf is an irregular dwarf galaxy that is a satellite of our own Milky Way Galaxy.It lies in the constellation Canis Major at a distance of only 25,000 light-years from the Sun and 42,000 light-years from the center of the Milky Way. 2.) As rough guide, the location is located in the constellation of Pisces. (2004) uncovered evidence for a remnant dwarf galaxy in Canis Major. It has recently been settled by the Solarian Kingdom. We have measured the absolute proper motion of the candidate Canis Major dwarf galaxy (CMa), at (l, b) =(240°, -8°).Likely main-sequence stars in CMa have been selected from a region in the color-magnitude diagram that has very little contamination from known Milky Way components. It lies at a distance of about 25,000.00 light years away in the constellation of Canis Major. The constellation of Canis Major contains several interesting deep-sky objects as well, such as the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, the emission nebula NGC 2359 – also known as Thor’s Helmet, or the colliding spiral galaxies NGC 2207 and IC 2163. The Canis Major dwarf galaxy (CMa dwarf) or Canis Major overdensity (CMa overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group.It is in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. There's no register feature and no need to give an email address if you don't need to. 4. ESO 489-056 - Dwarf Galaxy - Hubble Space Telescope - … This paper summarises the recent discovery of another potential Milky Way accretion event, the Canis Major dwarf galaxy. A name is preferred even if its a random made up one by yourself. The center of the canis galaxy is the largest This page was last changed on 25 June 2014, at 04:11. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet. The spatial distribution of the M-giants indicate that Canis Major is an extended, and likely disrupted, group of stars that that are centered at a distance moduli of (m-M) = 15.8 and extending over roughly 30 degrees. Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) November 23, 2003. ; Canis Minor would later be included in the 88 modern constellations, where it holds the 71 st place in regards to size, stretching for around 183 square degrees. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy or Canis Major Overdensity is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major. It was only recently discovered by an International team of scientists using the Two-Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) infrared survey. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy's location is 07h 12m 35.0 (R.A.) and -27d 40' 0 (Dec.). Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. The supposed small galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giants and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days). It is located 4 degrees South of Sirius and contains about 100 stars. It lies at a distance of about 25,000.00 light years away in the constellation of Canis Major. It is not located in the Solar System. – Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, discovered in the year 2003, contains about a billion stars, and at 25,000 light years distant is now believed to be the closest galaxy to our solar system, although its galaxy status is still disputed. Facts about the Canis Major Dwarf galaxy The distance is 2500 light years. A negative value indicates it is in the southern hemisphere. The Canis Major Galaxy is the nearest dwarf galaxy to the Milky Way. Canis Minor was at first cataloged by the Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy, as an asterism, in his 2 nd century Almagest, that was comprised out of 48 constellations. Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy. In 2003, the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy was discovered - this is now the closest known galaxy to ours! At only 25,000 light-years away from the Solar System, it is even slightly closer to us than the core of our own galaxy. It is now thought to be the closest neighbouring galaxy to our position in the Milky Way. All messages will be reviewed before being displayed. Although it is one of the closest companion galaxies to the Milky Way, the main parent cluster is on the opposite side of the galactic core from Earth, and consequently is … They have set up research stations along with production facilities and ship yards. The Canis Major Overdensity (CMa Overdensity) or Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (CMa Dwarf) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.. Unlike Sagittarius, which is contributing to the Galactic halo, the location and eventual demise of Canis Major suggests that it represents a building block of the thick disk.
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