C.E. [43], Rumi's father was Bahā ud-Dīn Walad, a theologian, jurist and a mystic from Balkh, who was also known by the followers of Rumi as Sultan al-Ulama or "Sultan of the Scholars". Rumi smiled and took out a piece of paper on which were written the opening eighteen lines of his Masnavi, beginning with: Listen to the reed and the tale it tells, His essence speaks through me. [110] Also in that year, Iran held a Rumi Week from 26 October to 2 November. آنچ اندر وهم ناید آن شوم کل شیء هالک الا وجهه Once again I will become sacrificed from (the state of) the angel, [95][96] Contemporary classical interpretations of his poetry are made by Muhammad Reza Shajarian, Shahram Nazeri, Davood Azad (the three from Iran) and Ustad Mohammad Hashem Cheshti (Afghanistan). حملهٔ دیگر بمیرم از بشر در مذهب او کعبه و بتخانه یکی است‎, On the seeker’s path, wise men and fools are one. Because he could not stay in one place for long and be common, he could be seen in two places at the same time, so that it seemed that he could fly or change his position in the blink of an eye. He sees Rumi walking behind his father and says, “A sea is going behind a lake.” He presented Rumi with a book on the spirit of the hereafter, Asarnama. As the then king of Konya was his student, he was often considered higher than the king. Encyclopaedia of Islam. Not, of course, that being gay itself is a problem, but in this case I think it is unlikely. Rumi encouraged Sama, listening to music and turning or doing the sacred dance. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. Franklin Lewis: "On the question of Rumi's multilingualism (pp. He saw the father walking ahead of the son and said, "Here comes a sea followed by an ocean. I cried and shed blood. ), Scholars of other Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence, Contemporary Persian and Classical Persian are the same language, but writers since 1900 are classified as contemporary. "RUMI: His Teachings And Philosophy" by R.M. [102] Music, especially that of the ney, plays an important part in the Mevlevi. Jalal ad-Din is an Arabic name meaning "Glory of the Faith". The law also provided penalties for those who tried to re-establish the Orders. Τα Ιστορικά 10.18–19: 3–22. He was buried beside his father in Konya. In this journey, the seeker symbolically turns towards the truth, grows through love, abandons the ego, finds the truth and arrives at the Perfect. Following this dance, Sultan Walad later performed a special dance in honor of his father, in which one person is placed in the center as a metaphor for Rumi and the others revolve around him, as the planets revolve around the sun. How can I cry now without eyes dear! It is undeniable that Rumi was a Muslim scholar and took Islam seriously. When Mongols invaded Persia, Rumi left Persia for Konya, which was then under the Persian empire. So he brought Shams Tabrizi to his house. Which had a profound effect on Rumi’s adolescence and he became fascinated with the mystery. They would fill their hearts from your work and compose music to accompany it." His Masnavi contains anecdotes and stories derived largely from the Quran and the hadith, as well as everyday tales. Rumi married and had a son, who later wrote his biography. Age 37: On Saturdday, November 28, 1244 A.D. or 26th of Jamadi-ul0akhar 642 A.H., Rumi and Shams met: Age 39: On March 14, 1246, 21st Shewwal, 643, Shams left Qonya and Rumi … Love is the astrolabe of God's mysteries. 106–115), Franklin D. Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teaching, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, rev. His projection of love is probably the most well known and something that everybody can connect to. XXIV (1952), pp. Your email address will not be published. Mewlana had been spontaneously composing ghazals (Persian poems), and these had been collected in the Divan-i Kabir or Diwan Shams Tabrizi. She was the daughter of … I am the same as [53], Like other mystic and Sufi poets of Persian literature, Rumi's poetry speaks of love which infuses the world. Wanderer, idolater, worshiper of fire, 90–92: "Baha al-Din’s disciples also traced his family lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sep 9; Af 7; JNO 457; Dow 213). After the death of Gawhar Khatun, Rumi married a widow, who had a daughter named Kimia Khatun. They had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. The most important influences upon Rumi, besides his father, were the Persian poets Attar and Sanai. Shams had travelled throughout the Middle East searching and praying for someone who could "endure my company". In His love, brothers and strangers are one. Chopra in Indo Iranica Vol. [2][32], Greater Balkh was at that time a major centre of Persian culture[23][31][33] and Sufism had developed there for several centuries. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Hearing his every word, it seemed that these were not ordinary languages, but translations of every human heartbeat, the language of every human heart. And I must (also) jump from the river of (the state of) the angel, Rumi probably met the philosopher ibn al-Arabi at Damascus. The sorrows grew bigger and bigger, sorrow was born. ed. When Shams relented and returned to Konya the first time, Rumi, didn’t want to lose Shams again so he came up with an idea. Background and early life. He is not a Prophet but has come with a book; In the West, we don’t really have a tradition of the guru/disciple relationship we see in Sufism, Tantra and other ecstatic traditions of the East. His epitaph reads: When we are dead, seek not our tomb in the earth, Then what should I fear? The profession of the family for several generations was that of Islamic preachers of the liberal Hanafi rite, and this family tradition was continued by Rumi (see his Fihi Ma Fih and Seven Sermons) and Sultan Walad (see Ma'rif Waladi for examples of his everyday sermons and lectures). He believed that in the midst of nature God spread the message of the invisible world. The seeker then returns from this spiritual journey, with greater maturity, to love and to be of service to the whole of creation without discrimination with regard to beliefs, races, classes and nations. At the age of 18, on their way to Mecca, they were met at Nishapur by the famous Persian spiritual poet Attar. They had 2 sons (both of whom died in childhood) and 4 daughters (only 1 outlived the Prophet) After her death he married 12 different women over the course of 13 years. While still a teacher. During Ottoman times, the Mevlevi produced a number of notable poets and musicians, including Sheikh Ghalib, Ismail Rusuhi Dede of Ankara, Esrar Dede, Halet Efendi, and Gavsi Dede, who are all buried at the Galata Mewlewī Khāna (Turkish: Mevlevi-Hane) in Istanbul. [13], Rumi lived most of his life under the Persianate[37][38][39] Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, where he produced his works[40] and died in 1273 AD. I died to the animal state and became a man, Rumi's poetry is often divided into various categories: the quatrains (rubayāt) and odes (ghazal) of the Divan, the six books of the Masnavi. [100] The music accompanying the samāʿ consists of settings of poems from the Maṭnawī and Dīwān-e Kabīr, or of Sultan Walad's poems. Married Gevher Khatun and finally moved to Qonya (Konya) in the north-western provinces of Persia (in present day Turkey). When his wife died, Rumi married again and had a son, Amir Alim Chalabi, and a daughter, Malakeh Khatun. Franklin Lewis, Rumi : Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teachings, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, 2000, pp. وز نما مُردم به حیوان برزدم His family and high-ranking members of society continue to think that Rumi’s ‘disgrace’ is happening because of his association with Shams Tabrizi. The Mewlewī Sufis, also known as Whirling Dervishes, believe in performing their dhikr in the form of Sama. That is why he said, Rumi often went to enjoy the natural beauty with his followers. Rumi married Gawhar Khatun in 1225 while he was in Karaman during the Hijrah. ", (Ritter, H.; Bausani, A. Hence we tend to be overly skeptical, distrustful. Rumi's love for, and his bereavement at the death of, Shams found their expression in an outpouring of lyric poems, Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi. Rumi married Gawhar Khatun in 1225 while he was in Karaman during the Hijrah. Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī (Persian: جلال‌الدین محمد رومی‎), also known as Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī (جلال‌الدین محمد بلخى), Mevlânâ/Mawlānā (مولانا, "our master"), Mevlevî/Mawlawī (مولوی, "my master"), and more popularly simply as Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273), was a 13th-century Persian[10][1][11] poet, Hanafi faqih, Islamic scholar, Maturidi theologian, and Sufi mystic originally from Greater Khorasan in Greater Iran. He married his 12-year-old honest daughter Kimia Khatun to 60-year-old Shams Tabrizi. When his wife died, Rumi married again and had a son, Amir Alim Chalabi, and a daughter, Malakeh Khatun. He did not marry anyone else while he was married to her, they were married for 25 years untill her death in 619 AD. In 1226, Alauddin Kaikobad, the ruler of Anatolia, invited Bahauddin and his family to Konya, Anatolia, and asked them to stay. His first son, Sultan Walad, was born in Larada. A Reply to Misunderstandings about Rumi and Shams by Ibrahim Gamard (1/01) You asked about the relationship between Hazrat-e Mevlana and Hz. [97] His first successor in the rectorship of the order was "Husam Chalabi" himself, after whose death in 1284 Rumi's younger and only surviving son, Sultan Walad (died 1312), popularly known as author of the mystical Maṭnawī Rabābnāma, or the Book of the Rabab was installed as grand master of the order. And that’s why he blends in with everyone’s heart. He also believed that love was the best way to find the Creator. His love for his favorite teacher and friend makes him a poet of love and friendship. What can I say in praise of that great one? This probably stems from willful confusion over his paternal great grandmother, who was the daughter of Abu Bakr of Sarakhs, a noted jurist (d. 1090). by Amin Banani and Anthony A. Lee, p. 3, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLewis2000 (, Eliza Tasbihi, "Sabzawārī’s Sharḥ-i Asrār: A Philosophical Commentary on Rūmī’s Mathnawī" in. [55] The 13th century Mevlâna Mausoleum, with its mosque, dance hall, schools and living quarters for dervishes, remains a destination of pilgrimage to this day, and is probably the most popular pilgrimage site to be regularly visited by adherents of every major religion. Rumi's work has been translated into many of the world's languages, including Russian, German, Urdu, Turkish, Arabic, Bengali, French, Italian, and Spanish, and is being presented in a growing number of formats, including concerts, workshops, readings, dance performances, and other artistic creations. those fish of the pure sea of Majesty. Recordings of Rumi poems have made it to the USA's Billboard's Top 20 list. She is not dating anyone currently. So from this it is understood that Rumi’s life in Konya was going very well. In 1225, Rumi married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman. They had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. His poems or writings are in fact a reflection of human expression in various mysterious and diverse experiences where people find different feelings in his daily life. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Ala' ud-Din The married couple were spotted out in two different locations on Eastern Long Island on Wednesday, August 26, with the “Single Ladies” star having a sweet moment with her daughter Rumi. در شیوه‌ی عشق خویش و بیگانه یکی است He believed that it was not possible to find a mosque or a church in search of the Creator, but to seek the Creator in one’s own heart. Abū Abdirrahmān Bishr ibn Ghiyāth ibn Abī Karīma al-Marīsī al-Baghdādī (, Abū Muḥāmmad (Abū’l-Hākem) Heshām ibn Sālem al-Jawālikī al-, Abū Mūsā Isā ibn Subeyh (Sabīh) al-Murdār al-Bāsrī (Murdārīyya), Hīshām ibn Amr al-Fuwātī ash-Shaybānī (Hīshāmīyya), Abū Sahl Abbād ibn Sulaimān (Salmān) as-Sāymarī, Abū’l-Hūsayn Abdūrrāhīm ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Uthmān al-Hayyāt (Hayyātīyya), Abū Amr Ḍirār ibn Amr al-Gatafānī al-Kūfī (Ḍirārīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh al-Husayn ibn Muḥāmmad ibn ʿAbdillāh an-Najjār ar-Rāzī, Abū ʿAbdallāh Ibnū’z-Zā‘farānī (Zā‘farānīyya), Abū ʿAbdillāh Muḥāmmad ibn Karrām ibn Arrāk ibn Huzāba ibn al-Barā’ as-Sijjī, Haisamīyya (Abū ʿAbdallāh Muhammad ibn al-Haisam), Ishāqīyya (Abū Yaʿqūb Ishāq ibn Mahmashādh), Tarā'ifīyya (Ahmad ibn ʿAbdūs at-Tarā'ifī), Abū Abdillāh Mugīre ibn Sāīd al-ʿIjlī el-Bajalī, Abū Amr (Abū Mu‘tamīr) Muāmmar ibn Abbād as-Sūlamī, Abū Sahl Bīshr ibn al-Mu‘tamīr al-Hilālī al-Baghdādī, Abū Hāshīm Abdu’s-Salām ibn Muḥāmmad ibn Abdi’l-Wahhāb al-Jubbā'ī, Abū’l-Huzayl Muḥāmmad ibn al-Huzayl ibn Abdillāh al-Allāf al-Abdī al-Bāsrī, Abū Ma‘n Sūmāma ibn Ashras an-Nūmayrī al-Bāsrī al-Baghdādī, Abū Bakr Muḥāmmad ibn Abdillāh ibn Shabīb al-Basrī, Abū’l-Kāsīm Abdullāh ibn Ahmad ibn Māhmūd al-Balhī al-Kā‘bī, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 00:19. ", "Interview: 'Many Americans Love Rumi...But They Prefer He Not Be Muslim, "Interview: A mystical journey with Rumi", "UNESCO. Once again, the style of Rumi as lecturer or orator in these discourses does not reflect an audience of great intellectual pretensions, but rather middle-class men and women, along with number of statesmen and rulers”” (Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). He brings all of those who are led astray into the Way out of the desert."[78]. He also mentions Rumi composed thirteen lines in Greek (Franklin Lewis. [26] His poetry has influenced not only Persian literature, but also the literary traditions of the Ottoman Turkish, Chagatai, Urdu and Pashto languages. It was from these ideas that the practice of whirling Dervishes developed into a ritual form. p. 293, Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). ”. When Rumi and Shams met the second time, they fell at each other’s feet. His Masnavi (Mathnawi), composed in Konya, is considered one of the greatest poems of the Persian language. [93] Rumi's poetry is displayed on the walls of many cities across Iran, sung in Persian music,[93] and read in school books.[94]. Rumi belongs to the class of Islamic philosophers which include Ibn Arabi and Mulla Sadra.
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