There are many types of gin – a fact that makes it even harder to answer questions like “How is gin made?”, “What is in gin?”, and of course, “What is the best gin?”. It’s unlikely sailors actually used this term; rather, “navy strength” was invented as a marketing term in the 1990s to sell higher-ABV beverages – a fact that takes a bit of the romance out of the term, yes, but does nothing to dilute the fact that these gins can leave you soaked in no time. Seagram’s Gin continues to reign as America’s #1. But gin couldn’t be – and cannot be – held down. In some cases, the aromatic solution is distilled immediately. While there are only a few widely available aged gin brands – Beefeater Burrough’s Reserve and Bluecoat Barrel Finished Gins, for example – these are ideal for those who appreciate a vivid and kaleidoscopic beverage that makes an impression. It includes both the malty-flavoured and full-bodied Netherlands types and the drier types, characterized by distinct botanical flavouring, produced in Britain and the United States. Interestingly, different varieties of gin have their own legal requirements. Gin is usually made from a base of grain, such as wheat or barley, which is first fermented and then distilled.. Juniper berries and other herbs, plants and spices - known as aromatics, or botanicals - are added to the fermented grain mixture along with water until the alcohol level and balance of flavours meets the required (or desired) levels.. First, London Dry Gin does not include much, if any, sugar. Sometimes referred to as Chinese parsley, coriander became so essential to gin because of its spiced nut essence that imparts the spirit with more body. It’s unlikely sailors actually used this term; rather, “navy strength” was invented as a marketing term in the 1990s to sell higher-ABV beverages – a fact that takes a bit of the romance out of the term, yes, but does nothing to dilute the fact that these gins can leave you soaked in no time. This process is a reliable method for lighter gins with more floral flavors, such as Bombay Sapphire, which was one of the first brands to adopt this innovative process. However, the main botanical ingredient used is juniper while coriander is equally as common. Fortunately, gin’s base spirit can be made by fermenting and distilling almost any agricultural product. London Dry is the best known (think Tanqueray or Bombay Sapphire) and is notable for its juniper-forward profile. No two gins are completely alike and they’re made … eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ginobserver_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_13',122,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ginobserver_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_14',122,'0','1'])); We thoroughly endorse using barrel-aged gin to add more depth to your favorite gin cocktail. Gin sales hit a whopping £1 million a day… with Brits drinking 19 million litres in just one year Truly. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ginobserver_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',109,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ginobserver_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',109,'0','1'])); There are many ways to make gin, but most begin with a base alcohol that’s distilled. However, gin can be made with alcohol made from any agricultural base and gins made from alcohols including potatoes and grapes are now fashionable. Ground up cassia bark, sometimes called Chinese cinnamon, provides a warm, piquant undertone that provides gin a full-bodied flavor that’s particularly suited to winter months. Whatever the ingredients, contemporary gins are determined to push the spirit into new realms, often with delicious results. If you’re just starting out with gin, or if you’re looking for an invigorating gin cocktail on a hot day, we suggest either buying a cucumber-infused gin or simply adding a slice or two to your next cocktail. London Dry gin is undoubtedly the most popular variety of gin. Drink responsibly, sailor. These “berries” are picked and then crushed or chopped before being blended with the base alcohol, releasing their fresh, citrusy essences. Gin became even more popular in America during Prohibition, when homemade gin flourish in the underground scene, particularly in the jazz movement. As the 21st-Century Gin Boom has often been credited to Hendrick’s Gin, many brands are seeking unusual and original flavours. Most gins are made using a variety of grain such as corn, barley or wheat. The base spirit of a gin refers to the distillate to which botanicals were added. The key difference between gin and jenever is that the latter will use malted grain rather than cereal grains. We’ll explore how gin is made in more detail later. It’s sweeter than London Dry, thanks to the addition of sugar, but drier than geneve, resulting in an affable yet sturdy gin. However, there are almost as many different ways of including these botanicals as there are different … Gin is an alcoholic drink that is made from a mixture of grains such as barley, corn, rye, wheat, or molasses. We ourselves do this for special events at home, such as a brunch or documentary viewing party. Contemporary distillers free themselves from the confines of regulatory traditions, which allows them to experiment with different botanical ingredients and grains. However, they have a lot in common and often use the same ingredients. Compound Gin: This is the process that would be used if you were to make your own gin at home; if you see a bottle of gin made this way on a store shelf, it’s probably best to leave it there. Although it faded into obscurity by the 20th Century, the renewed interest in gin has given it something of a renaissance. We’re continually updating to cover the ever-expanding world of gin.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ginobserver_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_4',127,'0','0'])); As you explore the myriad gin brands, you’ll discover flavor profiles you never knew existed and, if you’re like us, you’ll discover that there’s no one “right” gin, but, rather, gins that are right for various times, moods, and memories. Some reliable contemporary gins include rhubarb-infused Malfy Gin Rosa, tart KOVAL Cranberry Gin Liqueur, and the savory yet floral Broken Bones Ljubljana Dragon Gin. Although it originated in London, the spirit is now produced in Scotland. We will therefore break down the two most popular processes to give you an idea of how gin is made. Consequently, the condescend spirit features a much more subtle and refined flavour. You see, sailors back then avoided watered down gin by testing it: they would mix gin with gun powder and light it on fire; if the flame was clear, the gin was strong enough to drink – it was, one could say, “navy strength.”. We suggest searching through Gin Observer’s interactive brand directory to find one that suits your tastes and expectations. century, sloe gin enjoyed centuries of popularity among the upper classes before falling out of favor. , in which “gin” is described as liqueur of juniper berry. Since the very beginning, we’ve proudly made our gins in America. It was then and there that the Dutch mixed juniper and wine to create a medicinal spirit called “Jenever.” Later, during the Eighty Years War, the English sipped what they called “genever” before battle – an apocryphal story that allegedly led to the term “Dutch courage.”. Gin has been around for centuries, but it’s impossible to say with absolute certainty where and when gin began. Who knows, perhaps your gin will be the next addition to the gin canon. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Gin Martini. Or you could buy a basic gin and infuse it with your own botanicals. As a result, gin will commonly be around 40% ABV and occasionally slightly higher depending on its type or style. This is then diluted only with water to the desired level. The question “How do you make gin?” is a bit complicated, because there is no one way to make gin. The length of time that the ingredients are left is decided by the master blender. A contemporary term used to refer to jenever, gin’s aforementioned predecessor, which is still produced today. It can be tricky to give a definitive answer to how gin is made, just because of the sheer diversity of the gin industry. COPYRIGHT © 2013 - 2019 BESPOKE UNIT, LLC. Instead, the botanicals are placed in baskets in the still at specific heights. The Gin Martini is a great … eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ginobserver_com-portrait-2','ezslot_26',124,'0','0'])); The mixture is next steeped for another day or two, becoming more and more concentrated before water is added to strike the right balance. Another prominent gin botanical, sweet Angelica Root adds a bit of sweet levity and wholesome earthiness to gins, creating a more approachable flavor profile that’s fit for everyday drinks and special occasions.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ginobserver_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_27',112,'0','0'])); Sourced from the iris flower, Orris root adds a clean, spring-like sweetness to gin, somewhat similar to the Angelica root, but it’s far rarer because the roots must first be dried for five years. In fact, it was introduced by Plymouth distillery in 1993. Years later, this would be discovered to be precisely 57% ABV and the Navy continued purchasing it out of tradition. Gin is found all over the world, but many people, even those who love gin, don’t understand what makes gin such an exceptional, versatile, and internationally renowned spirit. As you explore the myriad gin brands, you’ll discover flavor profiles you never knew existed and, if you’re like us, you’ll discover that there’s no one “right” gin, but, rather. Curate new cocktails with our signature recipes, take a deep dive into the history of this libation and explore new gin bars and lounges that specialize in gin drinks on our fun and expansive gin website. Pinckney Bend Gin comes from America's heartland of Missouri. A more modern approach to producing gin is the technique whereby the botanicals never come into direct contact with spirit in its liquid form. This past July, Buckingham Palace released its own gin that's made with botanicals gathered from the palace gardens. Designed and Developed by KWAA Online Marketing, What Is Gin: An Expert Guide For Everyone. The maker distills it further with a mixture of juniper berries and other herbs and spices. In all, the flavor is more rotund and succulent than many other types of gin. Furthermore, it’s produced exclusively by re-distilling ethanol of agricultural origin, which results in a spirit of at least 70% ABV . eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ginobserver_com-leader-3','ezslot_8',125,'0','0'])); While traditionally gin’s distilled at around a boiling 78°C/172.4°F, vacuum distillation uses a relatively cool 40°C/104°F. We should first note, just for clarity, that juniper berries aren’t really berries. Somehow these two zesty flavors are mellowed when brought together, creating a smoother, sweeter gin. To start you off, here we explain the difference between the major types of gin, the differences in flavor, process, and ingredients. Getty Images. These creations may not be as polished as, say. Beefeater is a classic London dry gin, with a juniper- and citrus-forward recipe that dates … In fact, sloe gin is so desirable that a cohort of U.S.-based distillers have appeared, using beach plums or local aronia to create their own sloe gins. It continued to flourish in England, and, in the late-19th century, made its way to the New World, where upper class Americans enjoyed gin in much the same way British people did: with tonic. Similarly, London Dry gin may not feature any additional ingredients including colourants other than water. Gin is made from the same base ingredient as vodka: neutral spirit. However, brands may have varying flavours by using different accompanying ingredients. As the distilled vapour rises through the still, it passes through the various herbs and spices, which impart their aromas. Common brands include Tanqueray and Gordon’s. The Queen has launched her own gin, made from plants grown on her Sandringham Estate in Norfolk. The classic spirit’s once again gaining popularity in places such as the United States and the U.K., while earning new fans in emerging markets such as Turkey and India. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ginobserver_com-leader-2','ezslot_5',115,'0','0'])); This suggests blending juniper with alcohol was already a well-established tradition by then, though at this point the spirit was more about utility than enjoyment. As with lemon, orange tempers the gin’s pungent juniper, which is why many gin brands, such as Perfume Trees, leverage dried orange peels when distilling their gins. As with lemon, orange tempers the gin’s pungent juniper, which is why many gin brands, such as Perfume Trees, leverage dried orange peels when distilling their gins.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ginobserver_com-leader-1','ezslot_21',113,'0','0'])); You may not think that a gingery, autumnal spice like coriander would go well with resinous juniper, but the two botanicals have been used hand-in-hand for centuries. “From Wikipedia: ‘Gordon’s London Dry Gin was developed by Alexander Gordon, a Londoner of Scottish descent. These natural ingredients steep, or macerate, in the alcohol, releasing their flavors before being distilled again, resulting in a fusion that ends with a smooth yet intricate spirit. These creations may not be as polished as, say, Perfume Trees Gin, but they’ll be all your own, and help you discover new flavors you may not have encountered elsewhere. Yet there are some distinctions worth noting. Today, there are several different ways that gin is typically made. However, it focuses less on the juniper in favour of an unctuous blend of roots. It’s sweet and bitter, sour and salty, all at once. Opt for compound gin if you’re crafting it yourself! All the way from Munich, Germany, comes The Duke Munich Dry Gin. Both, of course, are from sloe gin’s namesake sloe, a small, plum-like fruit also known as blackthorn and which is typically added to an already made gin. By clicking "OK", you agree to allow cookies to be placed. First launched by the Plymouth distillery in 1793, this variety of gin is indeed technically very similar to London Dry. Queen Elizabeth II launches Sandringham Gin made from her own garden Queen Elizabeth's Sandringham estate in Norfolk, north of London has launched a brand new gin … The answer: juniper, a small, berry-like botanical. That’s because aged gin is stored for months in oak barrels previously used for Scotch or Vermouth, which in turn imbue the gin with these flavors, leading to a fuller, more acerbic gin. In order to earn their titles, distilled and London gin must consist of a minimum 37.5% ABV. We’re continually updating to cover the ever-expanding world of gin. To understand how gin is made and what ingredients are used to make gin, we must first look at gin’s main components. During the re-distillation, the ethanol is exposed to a specially selected assortment of herbs and spices that will impart their flavours. As a result, its flavour profile is dominated by earth and citrus while the juniper notes are quite subtle. Use a strainer when pouring into a carafe or cocktail glass. Bombay Sapphire Master Blender Ivano Tonutti. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ginobserver_com-narrow-sky-2','ezslot_18',120,'0','0'])); Old Tom Gin falls somewhere between London Dry and Genever. Oftentimes black pepper’s blended with lemongrass, as well, to create a more nuanced flavor profile. It also has no color and must, by law, be predominantly juniper-flavored. Hugely popular among the wealthy in 18th-century England, Old Tom Gin fell out of fashion in the 19th and 20th centuries but has found new fans among today’s craft gin enthusiasts. We have watched dozens of videos explaining how gin is made, but this one, created by Bombay Sapphire, is one of the most comprehensive and engaging around. It is an exclusive drink with a long-long history. a clear alcoholic spirit distilled from grain or malt and flavoured with juniper berries Nevertheless, it does have historical origins. Our flagship Extra Dry Gin is a masterful balance of botanicals, among which are juniper berries, sweet and bitter orange, coriander and angelica. If you ever wondered what gin is made from, it usually starts as an unmalted cereal-based ethanol extracted via distillation similar to Russian vodka. The renewed interest in gin has led to a great number of craft-style independent distilleries producing their own unique concoctions. Thus, as a prototype of sorts, genever employs bare bones botanicals such as fennel and literally mashes them with austere malted rye, barley, or corn, or sometimes a combination of the three. Referred to as botanicals, they come into contact with the alcohol in a number of different ways. Whichever alcohol the distiller prefers, genever’s fermentation creates a heavier, more malty gin than London Dry. Today, distilleries will often use this term to describe stronger than average gins, which are between the mid-forties and mid-fifties.. They’re a preferred choice among bartenders who believe that the botanical flavours are particularly prominent even when mixed down. And all over the world we’re seeing new, innovative brands and production methods – all of which shows that the history of gin is still being written. Now that you have learned all about how gin is made, why don’t you check out some of our related spirit guides? What is a Steeped Gin, to make a steeped Gin, which is the most common way to make Gin, the Gin makers put their botanicals in the still boiler along with the spirit and then leave it for 24 hours. 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Gin Styles. @2018 The Gin Observer | All Right Reserved. But genever’s also smokier and more luscious than London Dry, making this rough but charming spirit an excellent option for people who also enjoy scotch. However, they have a lot in common and often use the same ingredients. Ittai Aminoff is a gin enthusiast from Israel. Most of us recognize gin by its distinct flavor and aroma, but don’t know what gives the spirit that distinct flavor and aroma. This was the first type of gin made in England, after the English learned about gin from the Dutch. Today, Ittai is passionate about teaching people about gin and sharing a depth of knowledge about gin gained over years of studying it. And all over the world we’re seeing new, innovative brands and production methods – all of which shows that the history of gin is still being written. This liquid is then blended with juniper, and other botanicals. But a method and usage similar to the Greek was found in the Netherlands circa the 16, “Genever” became increasingly popular in the United Kingdom in the years after that conflict, though by this point it was sometimes referred to as “Geneva,” and later, “gen” and, finally, “gin.” In fact, the first usage of “gin” dates to the 1714 book, The Fable of the Bees, or Private Vices, Publick Benefits. As you may have gathered from its long history, there are many varieties of gin that exist today. While there can and often are other ingredients in gin, many of which we describe below, and while juniper’s sometimes barely detectable, the berry is the cornerstone of true gin.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'ginobserver_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_29',108,'0','0'])); Before continuing, it’s worth taking a moment to discuss gin vis a vis vodka. Light, sweet, and undeniably refreshing, a little cucumber goes a long way in taming gin’s juniper. Nevertheless, the contemporary version is not objectively sweet and only slightly more than London dry. You can also go for a fruity combination by mixing the peels of lemons, oranges, and grapefruits with star anise pods, caraway seeds, and juniper berries. Most gin distillers use common juniper, which has one of the most diverse geographic ranges of any woody plant. Although some are indeed rare and may not always fit under gin’s various legal definitions, they have their own traditions that are worth mentioning. As we hinted above, there are different ways to expose the alcohol to the botanicals. “Genever” became increasingly popular in the United Kingdom in the years after that conflict, though by this point it was sometimes referred to as “Geneva,” and later, “gen” and, finally, “gin.” In fact, the first usage of “gin” dates to the 1714 book The Fable of the Bees, or Private Vices, Publick Benefits, in which “gin” is described as liqueur of juniper berry. The origins of Gin of the dry Gin that London distillers eventually developed is very different from the Holland or Geneva Gin still made by the Dutch, which is heavy-bodied and strongly flavored with a pronounced malty taste and aroma.
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